Friday, September 13, 2013

Higher Education in India

India's higher education system is the third largest in the world, after US and China. Though India has a vast network of higher educational institutions, no Indian university figures in the list of top 100 universities of the world. The quality of our graduates has also been questioned by academicians and experts alike.

What does our higher education system lack?
a) Resources - Despite the recommendations of various education commissions to raise the fund allocation for education to 6 percent of GDP, the government has not raised it to even 4 percent of GDP.

b) Quality research - Indian educational institutions, especially the technical ones, do not focus on quality research. It is this reason that graduates from our top institutes migrate abroad to do research work.

c) Innovative atmosphere - Indian institutions often lack the requisite innovative atmosphere which can lead to generation of technologies and can ensure greater indigenous content in our industries. This is very important also from the view of India's huge dependence on technology imports.

d) Job-related skills - Failure to provide job-related skills and mainstreaming skills education with that of the traditional education is also a huge problem of our system. This results in generation of graduates who are not well-equipped to handle the industrial needs appropriately.

e) Soft Skills Development - Students often fail to acquire soft skills, presentation and interpersonal skills which often leads to poor performance at their work-setting.

Keeping these constraints in mind, appropriate interventions need to be designed so that our institutions produce graduates who prove their mettle in whatever fields they venture into. 

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